Thursday, June 2, 2016

Trading Tips And Safety Measure For Traders

You can trade in shares and commodities. However, in India, retail investors mainly trade in stock futures and options due to sheer volumes. Trading means buying and selling a stock the same day or holding it for just 2-3 days. The former is called intra-day trade. The latter is called swing trade. Positional trade generally involves taking a longer position and holding a stock for 2-3 weeks.

Safety Measure
This depends to a large extent on how much capital is available, how many opportunities you can explore and your knowledge of technical analysis.

Trading Tips
The importance of discipline in share trading cannot be obverstressed. That is because in most cases, when people are making money, greed makes them wait for more, and so they don't book profits. When prices fall, fear makes them sell fast. These situations can be avoided if they know when to book profit/loss.

If losses are not a deterrent and the market's roller-coaster movements give you a high, here are a few habits and skills that can help you stay on the right track. These are useful for day traders as well as positional traders.

Discipline: The key to success is a stop-loss order. Stop loss helps a trader sell a stock when it slides to a certain price. Suppose you buy shares of company A at Rs 100 and set a stop loss at Rs 95. When the price falls to Rs 95, the shares will be sold automatically. This means you have limited your loss to Rs 5. While entering a trade, you should be clear about how much loss you are willing to accept.

Skill: Trading is a skill, says Derek. "You have to learn what not to do along with what you should do. You should also know how to spot amateurs and trap them and how to take positions. Also, you should be quick to get in and very quick to get out," he says. A lot of amateurs in the market buy at a wrong point. A skilled trader identifies such people and takes an opposite position to trap them.

Planning: One should identify a few stocks and focus on them.

Minimum capital: Only those with a capital of at least Rs 2 lakh can trade for a meaningful gain. However, this capital should not be borrowed and should not be part of your core savings. People can also trade with less, but volumes are important. So, a certain minimum capital is a must.

Stock volumes: A stock should have enough volumes for it to be tradable. According to Zelek, it should have a minimum daily average volume of 500,000 shares. For those just starting, trading Nifty-50 stocks is a good idea, he says.

Price range: What should you do with a share which has high volumes but not much price movement? You should prefer shares with a minimum price range of Rs 10. This means the average difference between a stock's intra-day high and intra-day low should be at least Rs 10.

Timings: Look for the most volatile market timings. Derek says 9.30-11.30 am is a good time to trade in Indian stock markets.

Volatility: Any stock with a positive beta of 1 or above is good. A beta of 1 means the stock will move in line with the market. If the market falls 2%, the stock will also fall 2%. "One can look at a maximum beta of 2 or 2.5, not more than that," warns Derek. One can find a stock's beta in the trading software.

Supply-Demand: One has to know the supply and demand of individual stocks. If the number of shares up for sale is more, one should not buy the stock, and vice versa. To know if the sell quantity is more or the buy quantity is more, one cannot rely on the bid and ask numbers available on the screen. Only a technical analysis can help identify the supply and demand in individual stocks, says Zelek.

News Flow: Never trade on news which is out in the market. It takes a few minutes for a stock price to adjust to any news.

Average out: When the price of a stock starts falling, people buy more to average out. In trading, it's a strict 'No'. "As a professional trader, I would never average out. It's a losing trade. The trade is going bad. I would rather wait for the right time to enter again," Makwana says.

Case Study:
1) ....

Do you think you can immediately start trading with all these tips? The answer is "NO". One needs to develop a few skills, including the ability to understand technical analysis. "Trading is a simple process, but not easy," says Zelek.


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